Awesome short video by Mark Felton about Nazi Germany‘s rocket technology, targeting (beyond UK) America (which fortunately failed) through space. Wernher von Braun „ironically“ was working for NASA after the end of WW2, making USA being the first nation to put a man on the moon. https://youtu.be/1AQIyXV5nGI
Bumper V-2 Launch
(July 24, 1950) A new chapter in space flight began in July 1950 with the launch of the first rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida: the Bumper 8. Shown above, Bumper 8 was an ambitious two-stage rocket program that topped a V-2 missile base with a WAC Corporal rocket. Or in other words, it was a German V2 Rocket just without the warhead but with measurement equipment instead, e.g., a photo camera (which made the first picture of the Earth from space in history of humankind). The upper stage was able to reach then-record altitudes of almost 400 kilometers, higher than even modern Space Shuttles fly today. Launched under the direction of the General Electric Company, Bumper 8 was used primarily for testing rocket systems and for research on the upper atmosphere . Bumper rockets carried small payloads that allowed them to measure attributes including air temperature and cosmic ray impacts. Seven years later, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik I and Sputnik II, the first satellites into Earth orbit. In response, in 1958, the US created NASA . *Image Credit*: NASA Image Number: 66P-0631
Peenemunde Rocket Facility where the V2 (and further weapons) have been created. Picture taken in current days with a “fake” V2 model to demonstrate the size of the roughly 15 meters rocket.
V2 Rocket Engine by Mr Alz
On display at La Coupole, France. The first rocket in history reaching space, while the technology looks quite similar even today.
US-Americans celebrate Wernher von Braun after first crewed moon landing in history in 1969 by humankind - On July 24th, 1969, following the completion of Apollo 11, the people in Huntsville celebrated the architect of the Apollo program for the first crewed lunar landing, Dr. Wernher von Braun, former Nazi scientist and now Director for NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center.